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Discrimination: negative treatment that affects a whole group of people or an individual because they belong to a group.
  • Direct discrimination occurs when a person treats another person differently than they treat or would treat another person because of a ‘protected characteristic’.  
  • Indirect discrimination can occur when a school applies what is felt to be a general policy or practice which puts students sharing a protected characteristic at a particular disadvantage. 
  • Associative discrimination can occur when a person is treated differently because of their association with an individual who has a protected characteristic.
  • Perceptive discrimination can occur when someone is thought to have a protective characteristic, i.e. ‘looks’ or ‘sounds’.
  • Harassment and Harassment by a 3rd party is when unwanted conduct violates a person’s dignity or creates an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating, or offensive environment for them.
  • Victimisation is when someone is victimised because they have made or intend to make a complaint or allegation or have given or intend to give evidence in relation to a complaint of discrimination.