Discrimination: negative treatment that affects a whole group of people or an individual because they belong to a group.
- Direct discrimination occurs when a person treats another person differently than they treat or would treat another person because of a ‘protected characteristic’.
- Indirect discrimination can occur when a school applies what is felt to be a general policy or practice which puts students sharing a protected characteristic at a particular disadvantage.
- Associative discrimination can occur when a person is treated differently because of their association with an individual who has a protected characteristic
- Perceptive discrimination can occur when someone is thought to have a protective characteristic, i.e. ‘looks’ or ‘sounds’
- Harassment and Harassment by 3rd party is when unwanted conduct that violates a person’s dignity or creates an intimidating, hostile, degrading humiliating or offensive environment for them
- Victimisation is when someone is victimised because they have made or intend to make a complaint or allegation or have given or intend to give evidence in relation to a complaint of discrimination.